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Demystifying Bezos' space journey: 11 minutes of sky travel, 22 years of flying dreams

Release Time:2022-06-09 Topic:stock bull market cartoon Reading:89 Navigation:Stock Liao information > Technology > Demystifying Bezos' space journey: 11 minutes of sky travel, 22 years of flying dreams phone-reading

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Original title: Demystifying Bezos' space journey: 11 minutes of sky travel, 22 years of flying dreams Source:

Five-year-old Jeff Bezos, who had just married a Cuban immigrant with his mother, would never have thought The dream of a spaceship traveling in space will become a reality after 52 years.

At 21:00 Beijing time on July 20th, New Shepard (New Shepard) ignited and prepared for launch, Jeff Bezos and three other crew members were in space Prepare the cabin to leave the ground. The four of them had dinner the night before takeoff, which Jeff Bezos said on social media was such a great dinner that even the West Texas skies became pretty.

New Shepard was developed and manufactured by Blue Origin, which was founded by Jeff Bezos in 2000. On the way to space exploration, Blue Origin was stole the limelight by SpaceX founded by Musk, so Jeff Bezos is more widely recognized as Amazon< Founder of span id="quote _ AMZN">, whose personal wealth peaked at $212.3 billion in 2020.

Money has brought Jeff Bezos's dream closer to reality, but it took him 22 years to go from starting a company to being able to walk in space for 11 minutes.

11-minute spaceflight

Jeff Bezos' new Xie Pard, also thoughtfully named, is named after American astronaut Alan Shepard, the first American to go into space.

New Shepard is a fully autonomous suborbital rocket system consisting of a rocket and a capsule that can fly passengers over the Carmen Line. The Carmen line is the boundary between outer space and the earth's atmosphere, 100 kilometers away from the earth. It is the space boundary line recognized by the International Aviation Federation (FAI).

On July 11, Richard Branson, a rich man who is keen on suborbital space travel, took the lead in reaching the edge of space, surpassing Jeff Bezos is 9 days early. Virgin Galactic (Virgin Galactic), founded by Chad Branson, developed the Unity ( VSS Unity) space shuttle, which eventually took him to an altitude of 86 kilometers.

Jeff Bezos is about to surpass Richard Branson's height this time and reach space in the true sense of the word.

The New Shepard was launched vertically from west Texas, followed by a powered flight of approximately 110 seconds at an altitude of 40 kilometers. When the aircraft decelerates, the kinetic energy of the aircraft pushes it upwards, and continues to fly upwards in an unpowered state, eventually reaching aboutAt an altitude of 100 kilometers, it reaches the Carmen line.

According to the official introduction of Blue Origin, New Shepard's space capsule has 6 seats. When the aircraft crosses the Carmen line, passengers can unfasten their seat belts. Enjoying zero gravity float for about 3 minutes, they can enjoy the view of the earth through the 107cm*71cm porthole.

▲ Schematic diagram of the New Shepard capsule source: Blue Origin official website

Arriving at Carmen After the line, the rocket descends and restarts the main engine tens of seconds before vertical landing, approaching the launch site. The capsule landed in the West Texas desert with the help of a parachute.

New Shepard took about 11 minutes from launch to landing.

The New Shepard can take off and land vertically, and the whole process is automatic, no additional astronauts are required to operate, and both the rocket and the sky capsule can be recycled for the second time .

The New Shepard, which Jeff Bezos will ride, is already in its 4th generation, and it has had successful rides in January and April 2021. Test flight.

New Shepard began research and development in 2006 and did not take shape until 2015. During the first launch, the capsule was successfully recovered, but the rocket booster Crash on landing.

Since then, New Shepard has conducted 14 more test flights, including 3 escape tests, each of which was successful, but never with a manned flight, On July 20, it was its first manned flight.

What is the origin of 4 passengers?

Jeff Bezos deserves to be the first passenger on the Shepard spaceship. When he was 5 years old, he dreamed of traveling in space in a spaceship. Although most children have similar dreams, as the world's top rich man, he can get closer to his dreams by investing.

Invested and established Blue Origin in 2000. After 22 years of exploration, Jeff Bezos finally has the opportunity to fulfill his childhood wish at the age of 57. Of course he Be willing to take a chance, and from a commercial standpoint, there is no better ad than going in person.

Jeff Bezos invited his brother Mark Bezos to join him on a space trip, Mark Bezos Bigger Jeff Bezos is 6 years younger. Bezos thinks his brother is his best friend and 'the most interesting person in my life', so he hopes to complete the space journey with him.

Even though the relationship was good, Mark was 'shocked' when he was invited by his brother. He said 'what a rare opportunity not only to have an adventure but to do it with my best friend', so Mark gladly obliged.

According to Mark's LinkedIn information, he graduated from Texas Christian University in 1992 with a degree in advertising and public relations, and worked in an advertising agency after graduation. He later founded his own marketing company, and he is also a director of the Bezos Family Foundation.

Interestingly, Mark is also a fire volunteer, and in 2011 he gave a TED talk on how to become a firefighter.

Mark is far less successful in business than his brother, but his net worth is not to be underestimated. According to a Bloomberg report, Mark spent $10,000 in 1996 Bought 30,000 Amazon shares, which would have been worth $100 million today if he hadn't sold them, and he might have inherited a lot of Amazon stock from his parents.

If Bezos invited his brother on a space adventure out of kinship and friendship, Wally Funk was invited to make history.

▲ Bezos invited Wally Finn to take a ride on New Shepard Photo credit: Blue Origin official website

Wally Fink has always dreamed of going into space, 1961She volunteered for the 'Women in Space' program, which was designed to produce female astronauts, and was supported by NASA, and she became the youngest graduate of the program, which at the time was not yet available for U.S. astronaut selection. Accept women.

In the late 1970s, when astronaut selection was open to women, Wally Fink submitted three applications but failed because she had no engineering background . Later, she became the first female safety investigator in the history of the Federal Aviation Administration (FFA) and was included in the "Who's Who in Aviation".

Walley Fink is 82 years old this year, and if the flight is successful, she will become the oldest person in space in history.

New Shepard only carried four people in space this time, and the remaining seat was auctioned by Blue Origin. A Mysterious Man fetched $28 million, but he decided to ride on the new New Shepard due to a 'scheduling conflict'.

The 18-year-old high school graduate Oliver Daemen has the opportunity to aboard the New Shepard because of the mysterious man's 'runaway'.

▲ Legend Oliver Damon Source: Blue Origin official website

Oliver has been fascinated by space, the moon and rockets since he was four years old, and after graduating high school in 2020, he took a year off to get his private pilot's license. In September 2021, he plans to study physics and innovation management at the prestigious Utrecht University in the Netherlands.

His father, the founder and CEO of an investment firm in the Netherlands, bought a seat for Oliver on his second flight. Because of Mystery Man's abandonment, Oliver is expected to become the youngest astronaut in space history.

Collect the oldest Changhe The youngest astronaut, making the New Shepard's manned debut even more topical.

Building a Space Kingdom

Bezos just announced half a month before 'God' Resign as Amazon CEO.

The 57-year-old richest man in the world with a net worth of more than $200 billion said in February that Amazon had made him spend too much energy and that he would put more effort into his role after leaving office. Put more energy into other things, like Blue Origin.

'Space Dreamer' Bezos' private rocket company Blue Origin was founded in 2000, two years before Musk's SpaceX.

'I've dreamed of traveling to space since I was 5 years old. ' Bezos said on Twitter. On July 20, 1969, Bezos, 5, watched Zhongtong on TV at home id="usstock _ APOL">Apollo11 landed on the moon, and Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the moon.

Bezos's maternal grandfather once worked for the US Atomic Energy Commission, probably influenced by his maternal grandfather, he wanted to be an astronaut at the age of 14. In middle school, Bezos published a paper examining the effects of zero gravity on the aging rate of houseflies, which led to his invitation toVisit a NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) space flight center. The Marshall Space Flight Center is located in Huntsville, Alabama's Rocket City. In February 2020, Bezos returned to Huntsville to cut the ribbon for Blue Origin's new rocket engine factory.

Still in middle school, Bezos was talking about space travel and space hotels in his graduation speech, and the 18-year-old said that all his thoughts were for protection Earth, to build space hotels, amusement parks and colonies for millions of people. Today, Blue Origin's vision is to 'enable millions of humans to live and work in space for the benefit of the planet'.

In 2000, Amazon, which had been on the market for four years, had accumulated a certain amount of capital for Bezos, so he set out to establish Blue Origin, and the 'arrow' refers to space.

Blue Origin is the private realm of Bezos' space dream. Since its inception, Blue Origin has been relying on Bezos' blood transfusion. Bezos has also said that every year he cashes out about $1 billion in Amazon stock to fund Blue Origin.

Dream is one thing, and business opportunities are integral to Bezos' decision-making. The development of Blue Origin is highly consistent with the process of commercialization of the U.S. aviation industry.

With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Cold War has become a thing of the past, and the space race like a 'face project' has gradually lost its meaning, costing tens of billions of dollars every year to the United States. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), facing more and more public doubts, reluctantly launched the commercialization of the aviation industry.

In 1999, NASA released a document to commercialize the International Space Station. The Columbia space shuttle disaster in 2003 brought NASA's image to the bottom of the public mind, and soon NASA launched commercial transportation services to the International Space Station. Both SpaceX and Orbital ATK received orders at this time. The commercialization of manned spacecraft has since been put on the agenda.

In 2005, NASA established the Commercial Crew and Cargo Program Office (C3PO) to support the commercial space industry. During the Obama administration, the federal government evaluated the US space program, and finally took the space exploration path: encouraging private companies to carry out business related to commercial manned space transportation.

Blue Origin has risen in the tide of space commercialization, and Bezos is most interested in the space travel business. According to a report by Industry ARC, the space tourism market is expected to reach $1.3 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 12.4% during 2020-2025

At present, the market price of a space travel cabin is about 24 million US dollars. After the successful flight of Virgin Galactic, its stock price has soared rapidly, more than three times in the past two months.

Space travel is undoubtedly another 'Amazon' for Bezos.

Step by step, it is hard to beat Musk

Blue Origin and SpaceX are boldly subversive and radical The image of innovation is quite different. Steady, conservative, and even a little gentle personality has become the label of this company.

On the company's badge, two turtles stand on Earth looking up into space, each reaching out to reach the sun with a rocket in the air. 'Gradatim Ferociter' is a Latin phrase that Bezos and Blue Origin put on their lips, which means 'step by step, keep moving forward'.

In fact, the space exploration efficiency of Blue Origin is not low, but it is often compared with SpaceX, which inevitably falls behind.

Blue Origin's research and development areas include launch vehicles, engines, spacecraft, lunar spacecraft and their associated systems.

In 2005, Blue Origin flew the Charon test vehicle withFour Viper-MK301 (Viper-MK301) aviation jet engines were used to verify the autonomous guidance and control system, while also exploring vertical return landing technology.

The following year, the 'Goddard' with 9 BE-1 rocket engines successfully flew and reached an altitude of 85 meters, which is Blue Origin The first successful rocket design. In 2010, the liquid hydrogen-oxygen engine BE-3 was successfully developed, and the second technology demonstrator equipped with this engine reached an altitude of 167 meters during a test flight in 2011, and completed a low-altitude vertical return. These experiments all laid the groundwork for New Shepard.

In November 2015, New Shepard conducted the second test, the maximum speed increased to Mach 3.72, and the altitude also reached the 'Kamen Line' of 100.5 kilometers , the booster landed at the target point, completing the vertical landing.

This is the first successful application of vertical landing technology, nearly a month ahead of SpaceX's Falcon 9. Since then, the improved 'New Shepard' vehicle has continued to be tested. After 2017, the third 'New Shepard' has used the same rocket to fly 6 times, fully verifying the value of the recoverable rocket.

Blue Origin's other core product is the recoverable rocket 'New Glenn', named after the first astronaut to enter Earth orbit John Glenn. This rocket is equipped with 7 BE-4 liquid oxygen/methane engines and is positioned as a super-heavy rocket with an estimated low-Earth orbit carrying capacity of 45 tons, second only to SpaceX's heavy Falcon, which is equipped with 27 engines . Due to the small number of engines, the 'New Glenn' rocket is expected to achieve rapid reuse. Blue Origin had planned to complete the entire process of launch, recovery, inspection, refueling, and relaunch on the recovery ship.

This rocket was originally scheduled to launch in 2020, but was later rejected by the U.S. Air Force's National Security Space Launch Program (NSSL). It won't launch until the fourth quarter of 2022.

Blue Origin also participated in the bidding for NASA's Artemis Program. The United States hopes to return to the moon in 2024 and send its first female astronaut.

In May 2020, Blue Origin, SpaceX, and Dynetics were selected as partners by NASA, and signed a total of $967 million in contracts. funding accounted for $579 million. The funds were used to build the Blue Moon spacecraft.

'Blue Moon' was released in 2019. It is powered by a BE-7 liquid hydrogen engine and can navigate autonomously in space. It can carry 4 lunar rovers and 6.5 tons of supplies and people landed on the moon. 'This time we're going to stay on the moon. ' Bezos said.

Unfortunately, in April 2021, NASA finally chose SpaceX, and Musk won the lunar landing plan.

When Bezos starts space travel, Musk's SpaceX is rumored to be about to start the sky travel business, not only through the 'Carmen Line', but also with Passengers go to the International Space Station to live for a few days.

Bezos and Musk's 'fight' in space is not over yet.

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Responsible editor: Chen Huifang

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Label group:[aerospace] [Space] [Travel] [Space tourism] [astronaut] [NASA] [SpaceX

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