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The Ox Turns the Universe - The Story of "Ox" in Chinese New Year Cultural Relics in the Year of the Ox _ Chinese Zodiac

Release Time:2022-06-04 Topic:stock bull market picture Reading:66 Navigation:Stock Liao information > Horoscope > The Ox Turns the Universe - The Story of "Ox" in Chinese New Year Cultural Relics in the Year of the Ox _ Chinese Zodiac phone-reading

[Qing Dynasty] Xu Yang's Prosperous Suzhou Scroll (Partial) Ink and Color on Paper

Vertical 35.9cm× 1243.4cm Collection of Liaoning Provincial Museum

Preface: Chinese Zodiac Stories - The Origin and Flow of Zodiac Culture

Unit 1: Tracing the Origin of the Zodiac

According to legend, the twelve zodiac signs were established by the Yellow Emperor, reflecting the early human The animal worship consciousness of Chinese people reflects the friendly relationship between Chinese and animals. In addition, more people regard the zodiac as the mascot of the Spring Festival and become the symbol of the New Year's culture.

[Tang] Chinese Zodiac Figures

National Museum of China Tibetan

[Qing] Sapphire Chinese Zodiac Liaoning Provincial Museum

Collection

[Tang] Painted Chinese Zodiac Pottery Figures in the Collection of Xi'an Datang West Market Museum

Unit 2 Twelve Animals

Twelve Since its origin, the zodiac has been regarded as a symbol of people's prayer for peace and longevity. Each zodiac sign has different meanings and legends, such as: the rat represents wisdom, the ox represents diligence, the tiger represents courage, the rabbit represents prudence, the dragon represents fortitude, the snake represents flexibility, the horse represents indomitable progress, the sheep represents harmony, and the monkey represents flexibility. Chickens represent stability, dogs are loyal, pigs are easy-going, and so on.

[Southern Song Dynasty] Zodiac images in the frescoes of Weishan Tomb Collection of Yuelu Academy

Part 1 The Benzoa of the Cattle Tribe - Cattle in the Natural World

The first A unit of the world of cattle

Cattle usually refers specifically to the genera Bovid, Buffalo, Buffalo, Bison and Bison. Animals are very closely related to human life.

[Late Pleistocene] Grassland Bison Collection of Chongqing Natural History Museum

[Early Quaternary (about 2.5 million years ago)] Shorthorned Cattle Hezheng Ancient Animal Fossil Museum Tibetan

[Qing Qianlong] The ox page of the animal genealogy atlas is 40.1 cm in length and 42.5 cm in width CM Collection of the Palace Museum

Pan Yuliang Oil Painting Dairy Cow Mid-20th Century Collection of Anhui Museum

[Modern] Asian Buffalo Collection in Chongqing Natural History Museum

[Yuan] Bronze Yak 77 cm high

cm long, 118 cm long Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County Museum Collection

Unit 2 Keeping with People

As early as the Neolithic Age, cattle have been domesticated and gradually used in all aspects of life.

[Baiyin Jingtai] Langdonggou Cow Image Rock Painting Collection of Baiyin City Museum

The second part of the five cows welcoming the spring - cows in history and culture

Unit 1 Spring cattle farming

China has been a big agricultural country since ancient times. Before machinery was invented, cattle were farmers' "tractors". During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, Chinese people used cattle for farming. In the farming society for thousands of years, it is a close and kind friend of people. People and cattle share weal and woe, work together, and entrust a good and stable life. yearning.

[Middle Tang Dynasty] Yulin Cave No. 25 Farming Map Collection of Dunhuang Academy span>

[Wei and Jin Dynasties] Helinger Han Tomb Cattle Farming Map Collection of Inner Mongolia Museum

[Wei Jin]

Harrow map length 35.5

cm

, width 17 cm Gansu Provincial Museum

Collection

[Northern Qi Dynasty] Painted Pottery Ox Cart in the Collection of China Agricultural Museum

【Tang Dynasty】 Sancai Li Niu Collection of Gansu Provincial Museum

【Tang Dynasty ] Grey Pottery Cow Inner Mongolia Museum

Tibetan

Second Unit Psychopaths

In the eyes of the Chinese people, cattle are divine beasts that open up the earth. In addition to being used as production tools, they are also important sacrifices to the gods.

[Warring States Period] Bronze Case of Niu and Hu, 43cm×76cm Unearthed from Tomb 24, Lijiashan, Jiangchuan, Yunnan Province Museum Collection

[Shang] Cow head-shaped rod decoration collection of the Palace Museum p>

【Qin】 Painted lacquer flat pot with ox, horse and bird pattern Lacquerware height 22.8 cm, belly width 24.2 cm, thickness 7.8 cm Hubei Provincial Museum Collection

[Yuan] Gold-plated bronze mount of Yama King 7.6 cm high and 13.2 long cm, width 6.6 cm Collection of Gansu Provincial Museum

【Qing Dynasty】 The largest diameter of the painted horn wine glass is 8.8 CM Collection of Sichuan Museum

Unit 3 Giniu Nafu

For thousands of years, the cow's selfless dedication and obscurity have been respected by the world; people regard the cow as a symbol of warding off evil spirits and good luck. In the Chinese zodiac, the ox corresponds to the "ugly" in the earthly branch, implying diligence and strength.

The Ugly Ox Picture of Dai Yuanjun's Zodiac Album, 33 cm in length and 39.5 cm in width, Changzhou Museum Collection

【Qing Dynasty】 Topaz lying in the Niu Tianjin Museum Collection

[Qing Dynasty] Qianlong style chisel enamel sacrificial statue with a height of 19 cm, a width of 9.1 cm, and a length of 21.2 cm. Collection of the Palace Museum

[Song] Wrong Gold and Silver Sacrifice in the Palace Museum Collection

【Qing Dynasty】 Copper-gilt ox piggyback vase and flower watch collection of the Palace Museum

【Qing Dynasty】 Copper gilt standing ox rectangular clock in the collection of the Palace Museum

[Northern Qi Dynasty] Twelve Chennai Map - Collection of Niu Shanxi Museum

【Qing Dynasty】 Kesi Cowherd and Weaver Girl Length 93.5 cm, width 39.4 cm Collection of Sichuan Museum

【 Qing Dynasty] Shi Tao Playing the Qin on a Cow Chart Scroll Collection of the Palace Museum

The fourth unit of cattle herding interest

Cow is a kind and gentle animal, loyal and honest, and won the trust of human beings. People use cows as mounts, or as draft animals for driving, and they often accompany the elderly, children, and ladies. In the paintings of painters of all dynasties, the images of immortals riding bulls and cowherd boys are depicted in a vivid and interesting manner.

[Southern Song Dynasty] Li Tang’s cow-grass drawing page is 61 cm long and 63 cm horizontal, in the collection of the Palace Museum

[Ming] Shen Zhou Lying Tour Atlas - Buffalo 27.8 cm in length and 37.3 cm in width Collection of the Palace Museum

[Qing Dynasty] Cows and Bronze Furnace, Guanghan Institute of Cultural Relics Protection

[Qing] Gold lacquer shepherd boy riding a bull in the Palace Museum collection

[Qing Dynasty] Yang Jin's Paintings and Cattle Album Collection of Tianjin Museum

Unit 5 Jinniu Town Water

In the eyes of Chinese people, cattle and water are closely related , Because cattle are stronger than humans, the ancients believed that cattle had the function of calming water.

[Tang Dynasty] Pujin Ferry Bull is 3.3 meters long and 1.5 meters high, in the collection of Shanxi Museum

[Qing Dynasty] Zhenhe Iron Bull 1.08 meters long, Luohe City Museum Collection

The third part of the year of the ox: the ox in folk customs

The first unit of ox legends

On the land of China, there are many legends and allusions that the ancients praised cattle, and they are reflected in many festivals and customs, showing the People's good wishes for peace and longevity.

[Qing Dynasty] Red satin embroidery, multicolored fish and firewood, ploughing, reading, litter, and collection of the Palace Museum

The second unit of blessing cattle transmission

cattle as Chinese folk culture and important elements in folk art, in costumes, toys, paper-cuts,In folk arts and arts and crafts such as weaving and embroidery, the image of the cow can often be seen, implying and entrusting people's ideals and expectations for a better life, and also endows people with endless spiritual power.

Tujia Cattle Brocade Collection in Sichuan Museum

[Qing] Embroidered ox-pattern embroidery piece in the collection of Anhui Museum

Shidong Miao nationality bullhorn boy hat in the collection of Guizhou Ethnic Museum

Shidong Miao round people riding buffalo paper-cut collection of Guizhou Ethnic Museum

Spring Ox Paper-cut Collection of National Art Museum of China

Paper-cut - Er Niu Raising Bar China Agricultural Museum Collection

Peasant Paintings in Niushan National Art Museum Collection

[Republic of China] Shaanxi Fengxiang Poetry, Painting and New Year Paintings Collection of Jinjiang City Museum

Southern Liaoning Shadow Puppets in the Dalian Museum Collection

p>

2009 Special Stamps

2021 "The Year of Xin Chou" 》Special Stamps

The Third Unit Bull Market Good Luck

Bull is a symbol of strength and wealth. Today, people call the bull market with an upward overall trend as a bull market. It is expected that in the new year, everyone's harvest will be like the trend of the bull market, one wave after another. .

[Republic of China] Northwest Farmers Bank One Hundred Yuan coupons are 6.9 cm long and 13.4 wide CM Liaoning Provincial Museum

"Bronze Bull" Bronze Bull Statue China Securities Museum

"Golden Bull Gathering Money" Bronze Bull Statue China Securities Museum

"Fearless" Glazed Bull Statue China Securities Museum

"Five Niu Ji Fu" Bronze Bull Statue China Securities Museum

【Ming】Qiu Ying Qingming Shanghe Scroll (Partial) Collection of Liaoning Provincial Museum

Concluding Remarks

The land of China is full of spring, and China is well into the Year of the Ox.

The "head of the six animals" cattle have been with the Chinese ethnic group for thousands of years, condensing the spiritual image of honesty, loyalty, tenacity, bravery, compassion and life-saving , and the culture, art, and knowledge of cattle will continue to last forever.

Article source

: China Art News

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