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40 years of reform and opening up, 40 "firsts" that have changed our lives!

Release Time:2022-05-02 Topic:Xiongan New Area Stock Exchange Reading:12 Navigation:Stock Liao information > Comprehensive > 40 years of reform and opening up, 40 "firsts" that have changed our lives! phone-reading

40 years ago, the "big contract" originated in Xiaogang Village became a spring thunder of reform and opening up, breaking through the shackles of ideology and awakening the sleeping earth...

First joint venture

▲ The head chef of Beijing Aviation Food Company, Frenchman Meng Peisha (second from left) and assistant chef and Hong Kong compatriot Deng Yaoquan (second from right), etc., are studying the preparation of aviation dishes together (photographed in May 1986).

On April 10, 1980, Beijing Aviation Catering Co., Ltd., the first Sino-foreign joint venture in China, was approved to be established.

First Special Economic Zone

▲ Shenzhen Special Economic Zone under construction. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Pan Jiamin

On August 26, 1980, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress approved the establishment of a special economic zone in Shenzhen. Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has developed from a border fishing village to a world-renowned city of financial technology innovation.

First color TV production line

▲ This is a color TV set in trial production that is passing the burn-in test. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Changyuan

my country's first color TV production line was built and put into trial production at the state-run Tianjin Radio Factory in 1980.

The first individual business license

On December 11, 1980, Zhang Huamei, a 19-year-old girl from Wenzhou who sold buttons, got the first "Individual Industry and Commerce" from the Wenzhou Administration for Industry and Commerce. Business License" - Industry and Commerce Certificate No. 10101.

The First Spring Festival Gala

▲ The Spring Festival Gala tapes collected by collectors.

On New Year's Eve in 1983, when people sat around to enjoy the reunion and waited for the coming of the new year, the first Spring Festival Gala officially began.

First Stock

▲ On the eve of the Spring Festival in 1988, Shanghai Vacuum Electronics, Feile Audio, and Aishi Electronics Co., Ltd. made a statement to more than 30,000 shareholders in the Jing'an Securities Department of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Shanghai Trust and Investment Company. Issued a 1987 dividend. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Ming

On November 18, 1984, Shanghai Feile Audio Co., Ltd. was established and issued 10,000 shares with a par value of 50 yuan to the society. This is the first public issuance of shares to the public since the founding of New China.

First patent application number

▲ On April 1, 1985, the "Patent Law of the People's Republic of China" came into effect. At 8 a.m. that day, hundreds of people were waiting to apply for a patent in front of the reception office of the China Patent Office in Beijing. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wu Jiadu

Hu Guohua, an engineer from the 207 Institute of the Ministry of Aerospace Industry, obtained China's first patent application number and became the "first person" to apply for a patent in China.

New China Land Auction First Hammer

▲ On the afternoon of December 1, 1987, Luo Jinxing, the manager of Shenzhen Real Estate Company (who held the No. 11 plate), won the auction of the city government at a price of 5.25 million yuan. The right to use a piece of residential land. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Zhishan (fax photo)

On the afternoon of December 1, 1987, the Shenzhen Municipal Government held a public auction of land use rights, ranking first in land auctions in New China hammer.

First KFC restaurant

▲ On October 10, 1987, the KFC restaurant was in trial operation.

On November 12, 1987, the first restaurant of American fast food company KFC in China officially opened in the prosperous area of ​​Qianmen, Beijing.

The first high-tech industrial development pilot area

On May 10, 1988, officially approved by the State Council, my country's first high-tech industry development pilot zone - Beijing new technology industry development experiment District was established.

First expressway completed and opened to traffic

▲ The first expressway in China. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Liuren

On October 31, 1988, China's first expressway, the Hujia Expressway, was opened to traffic. By the end of 2017, the total mileage of highways in my country was 4.77 million kilometers, of which 136,000 kilometers of expressways were open to traffic, ranking first in the world.

The First Stock Exchange

▲ The venue for the inaugural meeting of the Shanghai Stock Exchange.

China's first stock exchange, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, was announced on November 26, 1990 and officially opened in mid-December. On July 3, 1991, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange was officially listed for business.

The first Internet company

This billboard refers to "Yinghaiwei", China's first Internet access service provider. Thousands of sails have passed by the side of the sinking boat, and the generations of Internet companies that have emerged behind it have truly changed China.

As of December 2017, the number of Internet users in China has reached 772 million, of which 753 million are mobile Internet users, accounting for 97.5%. In 2017, Chinese netizens spent 27 hours online per week.

The rise of great powers

With the continuous reform and opening up Advance, the 1.3 billion Chinese people have made great strides to catch up with the trend of the times, and have steadily embarked on the broad road to prosperity and well-being.Socialism is full of vigor and vitality, and the Chinese nation, which has made great contributions to the progress of human civilization, stands tall and majestic in the east of the world with unprecedented majesty.

First e-commerce

▲ From April 11 to 13, 2017, the 2017 China International E-Commerce Expo with the theme of "Sharing Economy, Connecting the Future" was held in Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Tan Jin

On April 7, 1998, the first e-commerce order in China arrived unexpectedly: Beijing Haixing Kaizhuo Computer Company and Shaanxi Huaxing Import and Export Company The first electronic transaction was carried out using the e-commerce system of China Commodity Exchange. Online shopping has now become a part of the daily life of many Chinese people. In 2017, the national e-commerce transaction volume reached 29.16 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 11.7%.

The first navigation and positioning satellite

▲ China successfully launched its first navigation and positioning satellite. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zha Chunming

In the early morning of October 31, 2000, China's first self-developed navigation and positioning satellite - "Beidou Navigation" The "Experimental Satellite" was launched at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center.

Formal accession to the World Trade Organization

▲ On November 11, 2001, the signing ceremony of China's accession to the WTO was held in Doha, the capital of Qatar. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Jianhua

On November 10, 2001, the Fourth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Doha, Qatar, reviewed and approved the China's decision to join the World Trade Organization. The Protocol on China's Accession to the WTO came into force on December 11 of that year.

First manned spaceflight

▲ At 6:23 on October 16, 2003, the Shenzhou-5 manned spacecraft successfully landed at the main landing site in Inner Mongolia, with the return capsule intact. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Ling

At 9:00 on October 15, 2003, China's first manned spacecraft Shenzhou 5 was successfully launched. The first astronaut Yang Liwei became the first Chinese visitor to the vast space.

The first EMU train

▲ In the early morning of February 1, 2018, the EMU stopped at the storage line of the Wuhan EMU, ready for maintenance and insulation operations. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiao Yijiu

On December 22, 2007, China's first domestically produced "Harmony" EMU train with a speed of 300 kilometers per hour was completed and rolled off the assembly line. On June 26, 2017, the Chinese standard EMU "Fuxing" with completely independent intellectual property rights and reaching the world's advanced level made its first two-way launch at Beijing South Station and Shanghai Hongqiao Station at both ends of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway. By the end of 2017, China's railway mileage reached 127,000 kilometers and high-speed rail mileage was 25,000 kilometers, accounting for 66.3% of the world's total high-speed rail.

First Olympic Games

▲ On the evening of August 8, 2008, the opening ceremony of the 29th Beijing Olympic Games was held at the National Stadium. This is the fireworks after the main torch tower of the Beijing Olympic Games was lit.A five-ring pattern is formed over the National Stadium. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang

In August 2008, the 29th Olympic Games were held in Beijing. On February 25, 2018, at the closing ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, as the 2022 Winter Olympics host city Beijing officially took over the Olympic flag, the Winter Olympics officially entered the "Beijing Cycle".

First World Expo


▲ On the evening of April 30, 2010, a large-scale lighted fountain fireworks show at the opening ceremony of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo was held in Shanghai. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Min

The China 2010 Shanghai World Expo will be held from May 1st to October 31st.

First Aircraft Carrier

▲ The picture shows the "Liaoning ship" going out to sea for scientific research experiments and training at sea (file photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zha Chunming

China's first aircraft carrier, the "Liaoning", was officially handed over to commissioning in Dalian, Liaoning at about 10 am on September 25, 2012.

First dive over 7000 meters

▲ This is the "Jiaolong" manned submersible taken on June 1, 2012. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Xudong

On June 24, 2012, China's "Jiaolong" manned submersible created a Chinese manned submersible in the Mariana Trench test area in the western Pacific Ocean. The latest deep diving record, breaking through 7000 meters for the first time, and the maximum diving depth of 7020 meters.

The Great Revival

The time sequence changes, and the dream moves forward.

With the deepening of reform, some very difficult and unavoidable problems are placed in front of us. Just as you may encounter a steep slope before reaching the top, the closer you get to the goal, the more difficult it is to overcome.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, breakthroughs have been made in comprehensively deepening reforms, and the main framework of reforms in various fields has been erected. change.

40 years of united aspirations and 40 years of hard work.

The pace of China's reform and opening up in the new era will not stop!

The first free trade zone

▲ Aerial photo of Shanghai Free Trade Zone (taken on March 9, 2017). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting

On September 29, 2013, the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone was officially established, which is the first free trade zone established in mainland China. trade pilot zone.

The added value of the tertiary industry exceeded that of the secondary industry for the first time

▲ On April 30, 2018, tourists view the beauty of terraced fields in Longji Ancient Zhuang Village, Longsheng, Guangxi. During the "May Day" holiday in 2018, domestic tourism revenue was 87.16 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.2%. Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Wang Zichuang)

In 2013, the proportion of added value of my country's tertiary industry exceeded that of the secondary industry for the first time, reaching 46.1%. In 2015, the added value of my country's tertiary industry accounted for 50.5%, exceeding 50% for the first time.

First Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect transaction

▲ This is a publicity poster for Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect in the business office of a securities company on Fuxingmenwai Street in Beijing (photo taken on November 17, 2014). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xin

On November 17, 2014, the opening ceremony of Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect was held at the Shanghai and Hong Kong Stock Exchanges at the same time. With the opening of the two markets at the same time, the first transaction of Shanghai Stock Connect and Hong Kong Stock Connect "Flowers" Yili and Cheung Kong Industrial.

The First World Internet Conference

▲ On November 21, 2014, the first three-day World Internet Conference came to an end in Wuzhen, Zhejiang. The picture shows the guests attending the closing ceremony. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Huanzong

On November 19, 2014, the first World Internet Conference kicked off in Wuzhen, Zhejiang.

The First National "Innovation and Innovation Week"

▲ On October 23, 2015, the audience was learning about an airborne photoelectric detection and guidance device. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang

From October 19th to 23rd, 2015, the National Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation Week was held across the country, with the main venue in Zhongguancun, Beijing.

The First National Big Data Comprehensive Experimental Zone

▲ This is the "Time Tunnel" in the Guizhou Big Data Comprehensive Experimental Zone Exhibition Center, taken on May 25, 2017. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Xu

On March 2, 2016, the "National Big Data (Guizhou) Comprehensive Experimental Zone" was officially unveiled, which is my country's first national-level big data Comprehensive test area.

The first supercomputer built entirely with domestic processors

▲ This is the "Sunway TaihuLight" supercomputer installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi (photo taken on June 20, 2016) . Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xiang

On June 20, 2016, my country's first self-developed "Sunway Taihu Light" built with domestic processors won the world championship Supercomputing champion, becoming the fastest supercomputer in the world.

First Quantum Science Experiment Satellite

▲ On June 15, 2017, at the Nanshan Observatory in Urumqi, the "Mozi" quantum science experimental satellite transited, and researchers were doing experiments (composite photo) . Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang

On August 16, 2016, my country successfully launched the world's first quantum science experimental satellite "Mozi" into space.

First G20 Summit in China

▲ On August 25, 2016, gardeners maintained G20-themed flower beds on the streets of Jiangnan Avenue, Binjiang District, Hangzhou. XinhuaA summit was held in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. This is the first time that the G20 leaders summit, which was spawned by the international financial crisis in 2008, came to China.

RMB becomes "reserve currency" for the first time

▲ On September 30, 2016, at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington, U.S., IMF President Christine Lagarde discussed the inclusion of RMB into the SDR give a speech.

On October 1, 2016, the RMB officially joined the SDR Special Drawing Rights, which means that the RMB has become a "reserve currency" for the first time.

The first domestic large passenger aircraft

▲ On May 5, 2017, China's first international mainstream airliner C919 made its maiden flight at Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting

At about 14:00 on May 5, 2017, my country's first domestically produced large passenger aircraft with international mainstream standards, C919, made its maiden flight at Shanghai Pudong International Airport.

The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation

▲ On May 14, 2017, the opening ceremony of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held at the Beijing National Convention Center. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Duo

From May 14th to 15th, 2017, the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing.

The First Internet Court in China

▲ This is the newly listed Hangzhou Internet Court (photo taken on August 18, 2017). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Weng Xinyang

On August 18, 2017, Hangzhou Internet Court, the first Internet court in China, was officially established.

The first batch of enterprises to settle in Xiongan New Area

▲ The Xiong'an Citizen Service Center photographed by drone on March 29, 2018. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Mou Yu

On September 28, 2017, the Management Committee of Hebei Xiong'an New Area stated that 48 enterprises have been approved to settle in Hebei Xiong'an New Area in the first batch. . The first batch of 48 enterprises approved to settle down are all high-end and high-tech enterprises. With the official announcement of the "Planning Outline of Xiong'an New District in Hebei", a blueprint for a national urban model of high-quality development has emerged, and a new engine for a modern economic system is about to start.

The first somatic cloned monkey

▲ The cloned monkeys "Zhongzhong" and "Huahua" are well cared for in the incubator in the nursery room of the Non-Human Primate Platform, Institute of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Photo taken on January 22, 2018). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang

With a handful of hairs, thousands of identical monkeys can be created - the myth in "Journey to the West" is becoming a reality. The world's first somatic cloned monkey "Zhongzhong" was born on November 27, 2017.

First Autonomous Vehicle Road Test Regulations

▲ September 10, 2017Visitors experience self-driving cars at the 2017 World Internet of Things Expo in Wuxi, China, on Sunday. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ji Chunpeng

On December 19, 2017, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Transportation promulgated the first management regulations for road testing of unmanned vehicles in China, taking the lead in filling this area. The legislative "blank".

Explore the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics

▲ Imposition photo: A bird's-eye view of Sanya city in Luhuitou Scenic Spot, Sanya City. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Cheng on April 4, 2018).

On April 14, 2018, the "Guiding Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening-up" was officially released, supporting the establishment of a pilot free trade zone in Hainan and exploring Build a free trade port.

After long-term efforts, especially the 40 years of reform and opening up, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.

▲ On October 18, 2017, the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in The Great Hall of the People in Beijing was grandly opened. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang

"Deepening the supply-side structural reform", "Accelerating the construction of an innovative country", "Accelerating the improvement of the socialist market economic system", "Promoting the formation of comprehensive opening-up" New pattern"... The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made a general plan for comprehensively deepening reform. In the future, the areas for deepening reform and opening up will be wider, with more measures and greater efforts.

Crossing the torrent of revolution and construction, stirring up the wind and clouds of reform and opening up, in accordance with the strategic arrangement of "two stages" and "two steps", China, a city with a civilization history of more than 5,000 years, has The great eastern country of China is now striving towards the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, building a modern socialist country, and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The 40 years are like songs, there are so many important events, which ones can make your memory drift back to the past? Welcome to leave us a message.

Source: Economic Information Daily Return to Sohu, see more

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