Traveling through time and space for 37 years, some "changes" and "unchanged" make us sigh with emotion.
Let's just say that the power outages that people encountered from time to time are rare today.
Also in 1981, the resolution passed by the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee expressed the main contradiction in our society as: the contradiction between the people's growing material and cultural needs and the backward social production.
After 40 years of reform and opening up, the main contradiction in our society has been transformed into the contradiction between the people's ever-growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development.
After 40 years of reform and opening up, the Chinese nation has never been so close to the center of the world stage as it is today, and has never been so close to the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
These changes not only cheer us up, but also inspire us to work hard and start our own business.
Struggle is the constant theme, and the new era is the era of strugglers. Because the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is by no means something that can be achieved easily and by beating gongs and drums.
After 40 years of reform and opening up, our biggest national conditions remain unchanged: we are still in the primary stage of socialism. In the new development period of the primary stage of socialism in our country, the reform has entered a critical period, the development has entered a critical period, the economic system has undergone profound changes, the social structure has undergone profound changes, the interest pattern has been profoundly adjusted, and ideas and concepts have undergone profound changes. Start a business.
"Unite and revitalize China!" In the new era, on the campus of Peking University, teachers and students chanted this familiar slogan in unison, traveling through time and space for 37 years, inspiring and conveying the power of youth and struggle.
"Today we still have to shout this slogan, and we are united in the struggle for the realization of the Chinese dream." Xi Jinping's important speech at the Peking University teacher-student symposium on May 2 inspired each of us to strive for the realization of the Chinese dream. I am youthful and struggling, paving the way for national rejuvenation and contributing to the construction of the motherland.
Today we still have to shout this slogan, not just in words, but in action, unity of knowledge and action, and being a doer. Great goals come from great dreams; great careers come from unremitting struggle! Achieving the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a grand project, and it needs to be done down-to-earth and bit by bit. "Though the way is far, it cannot be reached if it is not done; although the matter is small, it cannot be accomplished if it is not done." This is the eternal truth.
Awesome, my country! While we are proud of it, we know that in the new era, we still need to unite as one, forge ahead, and continue to conquer the "Loushan Pass" and "Lazikou" on the way forward. "Charge", run at full capacity, and make unremitting efforts to revitalize China!
(Author: Hong Wenjun)
40 "firsts" in the 40 years of reform and opening up
Which imprints do you remember forever?
▲ The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee adopted the meeting bulletin.
◆ In 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decisively made a strategic decision to shift the work center of the Party and the state to economic construction.
◆ Over the past 40 years, China's reform and opening up has moved forward, not only changing China, but also rewriting China's relationship with the world. 40 "firsts" in 40 years, which of these imprints will make you unforgettable for a lifetime?
— Breaking the ice —
China’s reforms started in the countryside, Extend to the city. New things such as migrant workers entering the city, self-employed businesses, and enterprise contract management have sprung up, and major measures such as opening to the outside world and the establishment of special zones have been launched continuously... Reform and opening up cohesionThe broadest consensus has been created, the vitality of hundreds of millions of people has been stimulated, and all things in the land of China have recovered and flourished.
The First Village of Rural Reform
▲ Imposition photo: The picture above shows that in the winter of 1978, 18 farmers pressed the red hand-printed contract for "Dabaogan" (file photo); the picture below shows some leaders of the "Dabaogan" in the thatched cottage in 1981 Group photo before (file photo).
40 years ago, the "big contract" originated in Xiaogang Village became a spring thunder of reform and opening up, breaking through the shackles of thinking and awakening the sleeping earth...
The first joint venture
▲ Beijing Air Catering Company The head chef, Frenchman Meng Peisha (second from left) and assistant chef, Hong Kong compatriot Deng Yiuquan (second from right), etc. are studying the preparation of aviation dishes together (photographed in May 1986).
On April 10, 1980, Beijing Aviation Catering Co., Ltd., the first Sino-foreign joint venture in China, was approved to be established.
First Special Economic Zone
▲ Shenzhen Special Economic Zone under construction. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Pan Jiamin
On August 26, 1980, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress approved the establishment of a special economic zone in Shenzhen. Over the past 40 years, Shenzhen has developed from a border fishing village to a world-renowned city of financial technology innovation.
First color TV production line
▲ This is a color TV set in trial production that is passing the burn-in test. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Changyuan
my country's first color TV production line was built in the state-run Tianjin Radio Factory in 1980 and put into trial production.
The first individual business license
On December 11, 1980, Zhang Huamei, a 19-year-old girl from Wenzhou who sold buttons, got her first "Business License for Individual Industrial and Commercial Households" - Industrial and Commercial Certificate No. 10101 from the Wenzhou Administration for Industry and Commerce.
The First Spring Festival Gala
▲ The Spring Festival Gala tapes collected by collectors.
On New Year's Eve in 1983, when people sat around to enjoy the reunion and waited for the coming of the new year, the first Spring Festival Gala officially began.
▲ On the eve of the Spring Festival in 1988, Shanghai Vacuum Electronics, Feile Audio, and Aishi Electronics Co., Ltd. distributed 1987 dividends to more than 30,000 shareholders in the Jing'an Securities Department of Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Shanghai Trust and Investment Company. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Ming
On November 18, 1984, Shanghai Feile Audio Co., Ltd. was established and issued 10,000 shares with a par value of 50 yuan to the society. This is the first public issuance of shares to the public since the founding of New China.
First patent application number
▲ On April 1, 1985, the "Patent Law of the People's Republic of China" came into effect. At 8 a.m. that day, hundreds of people were waiting to apply for a patent in front of the reception office of the China Patent Office in Beijing. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wu Jiadu
Hu Guohua, the former engineer of the 207th Institute of the Ministry of Aerospace Industry, obtained China's first patent application number and became the "first person" in China's patent application.
New China Land Auction First Hammer
▲ 19On the afternoon of December 1, 1987, Luo Jinxing, the manager of Shenzhen Real Estate Company (the person holding the 11th plate), obtained the right to use a piece of residential land auctioned by the municipal government at a price of 5.25 million yuan. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Zhishan (fax photo)
On the afternoon of December 1, 1987, the Shenzhen Municipal Government held a public auction of land use rights, which was the first hammer of the New China Land Auction.
First KFC restaurant
▲ On October 10, 1987, the KFC restaurant was in trial operation.
On November 12, 1987, the first restaurant of American fast food company KFC in China officially opened in the prosperous area of Qianmen, Beijing.
The first high-tech industry development pilot area
On May 10, 1988, with the official approval of the State Council, my country's first high-tech industry development pilot zone, the Beijing New Technology Industry Development Pilot Zone, was established.
First expressway completed and opened to traffic
▲ The first expressway in China. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Liuren
On October 31, 1988, China's first expressway, the Hujia Expressway, opened to traffic. By the end of 2017, the total mileage of highways in my country was 4.77 million kilometers, of which 136,000 kilometers of expressways were open to traffic, ranking first in the world.
The First Stock Exchange
▲ The venue for the inaugural meeting of the Shanghai Stock Exchange.
China's first stock exchange, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, was announced on November 26, 1990 and officially opened in mid-December. On July 3, 1991, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange was officially listed for business.
The first Internet company
The place that this billboard refers to is the first Internet company in China. Enter the service provider "Yinghaiwei". Thousands of sails have passed by the side of the sinking boat, and the generations of Internet companies that have emerged behind it have truly changed China. As of December 2017, the number of Internet users in China has reached 772 million, of which the number of mobile Internet users has reached 753 million, accounting for 97.5%. In 2017, Chinese netizens spent 27 hours online per week.
—Rise of Great Powers—
With the continuous advancement of reform and opening up, 1.3 billion Chinese The people have made great strides to catch up with the trend of the times, and have steadily embarked on the broad road to prosperity and well-being. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is full of vigor and vitality. The Chinese nation, which has made great contributions to the progress of human civilization, stands tall and majestic in the east of the world with unprecedented majesty.
▲ From April 11 to 13, 2017, the 2017 China International Electronic Commerce Expo with the theme of "Sharing Economy, Connecting the Future" was held in Yiwu City, Zhejiang Province. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Tan Jin
On April 7, 1998, the first order of Chinese e-commerce came unexpectedly: Beijing Haixing Kaizhuo Computer Company and Shaanxi Huaxing Import and Export Company used Chinese goods The e-commerce system of the trading center carried out the first electronic transaction. Today, online shopping has become a part of the daily life of many Chinese people. In 2017, the national e-commerce transaction volume reached 29.16 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 11.7%.
The first navigation and positioning satellite
▲ China successfully launched its first navigation and positioning satellite. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zha Chunming
In the early morning of October 31, 2000, China's first self-developed navigation and positioning satellite - "Beidou Navigation Satellite""Aeronautical Test Satellite" was launched at Xichang Satellite Launch Center.
Formally joined the World Trade Organization
▲ On November 11, 2001, the signing ceremony of China's accession to the WTO was held in Doha, the capital of Qatar. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Jianhua
On November 10, 2001, the Fourth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Doha, the capital of Qatar, reviewed and approved China's decision to join the World Trade Organization by consensus. Effective January 11.
First manned spaceflight
▲ At 6:23 on October 16, 2003, the Shenzhou-5 manned spacecraft successfully landed at the main landing site in Inner Mongolia, with the return capsule intact. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Lingspan>
At 9:00 on October 15, 2003, China's first manned spacecraft, Shenzhou V, was successfully launched, and China's first astronaut Yang Liwei became the first Chinese visitor to the vast space.
The first EMU train
▲ In the early morning of February 1, 2018, the EMU stopped at the storage line of the Wuhan EMU, ready for maintenance and insulation operations. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiao Yijiu photo
2007 On December 22, China's first domestically produced "Harmony" EMU train with a speed of 300 kilometers per hour was completed and rolled off the assembly line. On June 26, 2017, China's standard EMU "Fuxing" with completely independent intellectual property rights and reached the world's advanced level The two-way launch at Beijing South Station and Shanghai Hongqiao Station at both ends of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway. By the end of 2017, China's railway mileage reached 127,000 kilometers, and the high-speed railway mileage reached 25,000 kilometers, accounting for 66.3% of the world's total high-speed railway.
First Olympic Games
▲ 2008 On the evening of August 8, the opening ceremony of the 29th Beijing Olympic Games was held at the National Stadium. This is after the main torch tower of the Beijing Olympic Games was lit, and the fireworks formed a five-ring pattern over the National Stadium. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang
In August 2008, the 29th Olympic Games were held in Beijing. On February 25, 2018, at the closing ceremony of the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, Beijing, the host city of the 2022 Winter Olympics, officially accepted the Over the Olympic flag, winter The Olympic Games officially entered the "Beijing Cycle".
First World Expo
▲ On the evening of April 30, 2010, a large-scale light fountain firework show was held in Shanghai at the opening ceremony of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Min
The 2010 Shanghai World Expo will be held from May 1st to October 31st.
First aircraft carrier
▲ The picture shows the "Liaoning ship" going to sea for scientific research experiments and sea training (file photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zha Chunming
China's first aircraft carrier, the "Liaoning Ship", was officially handed over to the fleet at 10 am on September 25, 2012 in Dalian, Liaoning Province.
First dive over 7000 meters
▲ This is the "Jiaolong" manned submersible taken on June 1, 2012, ready to enter the water. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Xudong
On June 24, 2012, China's "Jiaolong" manned submersible in the Mariana Trench test sea area in the western Pacific created the latest manned deep dive in China. For the first time, it broke the record of 7000 meters, and the maximum diving depth reached 7020 meters.
— greatRevival —
The time sequence changes, and the dream moves forward.
With the deepening of reform, some very difficult and unavoidable problems are placed in front of us. Just as you may encounter a steep slope before reaching the top, the closer you get to the goal, the more difficult it is to overcome.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, breakthroughs have been made in comprehensively deepening the reform, the main framework of reform in various fields has been established, and the cause of the party and the country has undergone historic changes.
40 years of united will, 40 years of hard work.
The pace of China's reform and opening up in the new era will not stop!
First Free Trade Zone
▲ An aerial photo of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone (taken on March 9, 2017). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting
On September 29, 2013, the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone was officially established, which is the first pilot free trade zone established in mainland China .
The proportion of added value of the tertiary industry exceeds that of the secondary industry for the first time
▲ On April 30, 2018, tourists view the beauty of terraced fields in Longji Ancient Zhuang Village, Longsheng, Guangxi. During the "May Day" holiday in 2018, domestic tourism revenue was 87.16 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 10.2%. Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Wang Zichuang)
In 2013, the proportion of added value of my country's tertiary industry exceeded that of the secondary industry for the first time, reaching 46.1%. In 2015, the added value of my country's tertiary industry accounted for 50.5%, exceeding 50% for the first time.
The first Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect transaction
▲ This is a promotional poster for Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect in the business office of a securities company on Fuxingmenwai Street in Beijing (photo taken on November 17, 2014). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xin
On November 17, 2014, the opening ceremony of Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect was held simultaneously in Shanghai and Hong Kong Stock Exchanges. With the opening of the two markets at the same time, the first transaction of Shanghai Stock Connect and Hong Kong Stock Connect "Flowers" Yili and Cheung Kong Industrial.
The First World Internet Conference
▲ On November 21, 2014, the first three-day World Internet Conference came to an end in Wuzhen, Zhejiang. The picture shows the guests attending the closing ceremony. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ju Huanzong
On November 19, 2014, the first World Internet Conference kicked off in Wuzhen, Zhejiang.
The First National "Innovation and Innovation Week"
▲ On October 23, 2015, the audience was learning about an airborne photoelectric detection and guidance device. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang
From October 19th to 23rd, 2015, the National Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation Week was held across the country, with the main venue set up in Zhongguancun, Beijing.
The First National Big Data Comprehensive Experimental Zone
▲ This is the "Time Tunnel" in the Guizhou Big Data Comprehensive Experimental Zone Exhibition Center, taken on May 25, 2017. Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Xushe
On March 2, 2016, the "National Big Data (Guizhou) Comprehensive Experimental Zone" was officially unveiled, which is the first national-level big data comprehensive experimental zone in my country .
The first supercomputer built entirely with domestic processors
▲ This is the "Sunway TaihuLight" supercomputer installed at the National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi (photo taken on June 20, 2016). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xiang
On June 20, 2016, my country's independentThe first "Sunway TaihuLight" built with domestic processors won the world supercomputing champion and became the fastest supercomputer in the world.
The first quantum science experiment satellite
▲ On June 15, 2017, at the Nanshan Observatory in Urumqi, the "Mozi" quantum science experimental satellite transited, and researchers were doing experiments (composite photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang
On August 16, 2016, my country successfully launched the world's first quantum science experimental satellite "Mozi" into space.
First G20 Summit in China
▲ On August 25, 2016, gardeners maintain G20-themed flower beds on the streets of Jiangnan Avenue, Binjiang District, Hangzhou City. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Yin Dongxun
From September 4th to 5th, 2016, the 11th G20 Leaders' Summit was held in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. This is the first time that the G20 leaders summit, which was spawned by the international financial crisis in 2008, came to China.
The RMB becomes a "reserve currency" for the first time
▲ On September 30, 2016, at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in Washington, the United States, IMF President Christine Lagarde delivered a speech on the inclusion of the RMB into the SDR.
On October 1, 2016, the RMB officially joined the SDR Special Drawing Rights, which means that the RMB has become a "reserve currency" for the first time.
The first domestic large passenger aircraft
▲ On May 5, 2017, China's first international mainstream trunk airliner C919 made its maiden flight at Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting
At about 14:00 on May 5, 2017, my country's first domestically produced large passenger aircraft with international mainstream standards, C919, made its maiden flight at Shanghai Pudong International Airport.
The Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation
▲ On May 14, 2017, the opening ceremony of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held at the Beijing National Convention Center. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Duo
From May 14th to 15th, 2017, the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing.
The First Internet Court in China
▲ This is the newly listed Hangzhou Internet Court (photo taken on August 18, 2017). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Weng Xinyang
On August 18, 2017, Hangzhou Internet Court, the first Internet court in China, was officially established.
The first batch of companies to settle in Xiongan New Area
▲ The Xiong'an Citizen Service Center photographed by drone on March 29, 2018. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Mou Yu
On September 28, 2017, the Management Committee of Hebei Xiong'an New Area stated that 48 enterprises have been approved to settle in Hebei Xiong'an New Area in the first batch. The first batch of 48 enterprises approved to settle down are all high-end and high-tech enterprises. With the official announcement of the "Planning Outline of Xiong'an New District in Hebei", a blueprint for a national urban model of high-quality development has emerged, and a new engine for a modern economic system is about to start.
The first somatic cloned monkey
▲ The cloned monkeys "Zhongzhong" and "Huahua" were carefully cared for in the incubator in the nursery room of the Non-Human Primate Platform, Institute of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences (January 2018)taken on the 22nd). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jin Liwang
With a handful of hairs, thousands of identical monkeys can be transformed—the myth in "Journey to the West" is becoming a reality. The world's first somatic cloned monkey "Zhongzhong" was born on November 27, 2017.
First Autonomous Vehicle Road Test Regulations
▲ On September 10, 2017, at the 2017 World Internet of Things Expo in Wuxi, visitors experience driverless cars. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ji Chunpeng
On December 19, 2017, the Beijing Municipal Commission of Transportation promulgated the first domestic regulations governing road testing of unmanned vehicles, taking the lead in filling the legislation in this area" blank".
Explore the construction of a free trade port with Chinese characteristics
▲ Imposition photo: A bird's-eye view of Sanya city in Luhuitou Scenic Spot, Sanya City, between the past and present (the picture above is taken by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jiang Enyu in February 1991, and the bottom picture is taken by Xinhua News Agency reporter Guo Cheng on April 4, 2018 photo).
On April 14, 2018, the "Guiding Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on Supporting Hainan's Comprehensive Deepening of Reform and Opening-up" was officially released, supporting Hainan's entire island to build a free trade pilot zone and explore the construction of free trade port.
After long-term efforts, especially the 40 years of reform and opening up, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.
▲ On October 18, 2017, the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing Grand opening. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang
"Deepening the supply-side structural reform", "Accelerating the construction of an innovative country", "Accelerating the improvement of the socialist market economic system", "Promoting the formation of a new pattern of comprehensive opening up" ...The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made a general plan for comprehensively deepening reforms. In the future, the areas for deepening reform and opening up will be wider, with more measures and greater efforts.
Crossing the torrent of revolution and construction, stirring up the reform and opening up, according to the strategic arrangement of "two stages" and "two steps", China, a great eastern country with a civilization history of more than 5,000 years, is now heading towards Forge ahead with the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, building a powerful modern socialist country, and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
(Source: Economic Information Daily)
Author: Hong Wenjun;
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