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Selected Brilliant Achievements of the 70th Anniversary of the People's Republic of China (1949-2019)

Release Time:2022-05-02 Topic:Tajikistan Asian Stock Exchange Reading:27 Navigation:Stock Liao information > Comprehensive > Selected Brilliant Achievements of the 70th Anniversary of the People's Republic of China (1949-2019) phone-reading

1949



(1) On October 1, the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China was established. On December 2, the fourth meeting of the Central People's Government Committee decided that October 1, 1949 would be the day when the People's Republic of China was proclaimed, and October 1 every year would be the National Day of the People's Republic of China.

(2) On November 1, the Chinese Academy of Sciences was established, with Guo Moruo as the president.

(3) On January 11, the Air Force Command of the Chinese People's Liberation Army was established, with Liu Yalou as the commander and Huang Hua as the political commissar.

(4) On December 16, Mao Zedong arrived in Moscow for a two-month visit to the Soviet Union. On February 14, 1950, the plenipotentiary representatives of the Chinese and Soviet governments, Zhou Enlai and Vyshinsky, signed the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance.



1950



(1) On April 14, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy leadership was established, with Xiao Jinguang as the commander.

(2) On May 1, the Marriage Law of the People's Republic of China was promulgated and implemented. This is the first law of the People's Republic of China. On the same day, the People's Liberation Army liberated Hainan Island, and by June 1950, the vast territory except Tibet, Taiwan and a few islands had been liberated.

(3) On June 25, the Korean Civil War broke out. The United States immediately carried out armed intervention and dispatched the Seventh Fleet of the Navy to invade the Taiwan Strait of China. On the 28th, the Chinese government issued a statement strongly condemning and protesting the US aggression. In early October, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China made a strategic decision to resist US aggression and aid the DPRK to defend the homeland and the country. On October 8, Mao Zedong issued an order that the Northeast Frontier Guards formed the Chinese People's Volunteers and appointed Peng Dehuai as the commander and political commissar. On October 19, the Chinese People's Volunteers entered the DPRK to fight. On July 27, 1953, the "Agreement on the Korean Military Armistice" was signed in Panmunjom, North Korea. By October 1958, the Chinese People's Volunteers had all withdrawn from North Korea in three batches and returned to China.

(4) On October 14, the State Council issued the "Decision on Governing the Huaihe River". In 1951, Mao Zedong wrote an inscription "The Huai River must be repaired". On July 20, the first phase of the treatment of the Huaihe River was completed. By the winter of 1957, the Huai River Control Project had achieved initial results.



1951



On May 23, the plenipotentiary representative of the Central People's Government and the former plenipotentiary representative of the local government of Tibet signed the "Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet" (referred to as the "Agreement on Measures for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet"). "Seventeen-Article Agreement"), proclaiming the peaceful liberation of Tibet. On October 26, the People's Liberation Army troops entering Tibet entered Lhasa.



1952


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(1) From June 20th to 24th, the inaugural meeting of the All-China Sports Federation was held. Mao Zedong wrote an inscription for the establishment of the association: developmentSports, enhance people's physique.

(2) On July 1, the Chengdu-Chongqing Railway (Chengdu to Chongqing) was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 505 kilometers. This is the first main railway line built after the People's Republic of China.

(3) On December 26, Anshan Iron and Steel Company held a commencement ceremony for its three major large-scale rolling mills, seamless steel pipe ㄏ, and No. 7 iron-making furnace.



1954



(1) On June 28th and 29th, Zhou Enlai and Indian Prime Minister Nehru and Myanmar Prime Minister U Nu respectively issued a joint statement on the Statement, jointly advocating the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence.

(2) In July, Nanchang Aircraft Factory successfully trial-produced the First Teaching 5 trainer. Since then, my country has successfully trial-produced the J-5, Yun-5, Z-5, and H-5 aircraft.

(3) On December 25, the Kang-Tibet Highway (later known as the Sichuan-Tibet Highway, Chengdu to Lhasa) and the Qinghai-Tibet Highway (Xining to Lhasa) were opened to traffic at the same time.



1955



(1) On January 18, the Chinese People's Liberation Army liberated Jiangshan Island. From February 13 to 26, Dachen Island and the surrounding islands were liberated. So far, all the islands along the coast of Zhejiang have been liberated.

(2) In September, the Chinese People's Liberation Army began to implement the military rank system. On the 27th, the ceremony of conferring the rank and medal of marshal was grandly held. Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Lin Biao, Liu Bocheng, He Long, Chen Yi, Luo Ronghuan, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen and Ye Jianying were awarded the rank of Marshal of the People's Republic of China. On the same day, the State Council held a ceremony for conferring military ranks and medals on generals.

(3) On October 1, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region was proclaimed, with the capital in Urumqi.



1956


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On July 13, Changchun No.1 Automobile Factory successfully trial-produced the first batch of domestically produced "Jiefang" brand trucks. In May and August 1958, the first domestically produced "Dongfeng" brand car and "Hongqi" brand car were born one after another.



1957



(1) On April 25, the first China Export Commodities Fair was held in Guangzhou (referred to as "Canton Fair"). From now on, two export commodity fairs will be held in Guangzhou in spring and autumn every year. Since 2007, it has been renamed "China Import and Export Fair".

(2) On October 5, the Xinzang Highway (from Yecheng in Xinjiang to Ali area in Tibet) was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 1179 kilometers.

(3) On October 8, the first natural oil base in the People's Republic of China, Yumen Oilfield, was basically completed.

(4) On October 15, the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge was completed and opened to traffic. The railway bridge is 1315 meters long and the highway bridge is 1670 meters long.



1958


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(1) On April 22, the Monument to the People's Heroes was built in Tiananmen Square. On May 1, 500,000 people in the capital attended the unveiling ceremony.

(2)On August 1, the Baotou-Lanzhou Railway (Baotou-Lanzhou) was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 990 kilometers.

(3) On September 2, my country's first TV station, Beijing TV, officially launched. On October 1, 1973, the color TV program was officially broadcast. On May 1, 1978, it was renamed CCTV.



1959



(1) On March 10, the local government of Tibet and upper-level reactionary groups tore up the "17-Article Agreement" on the peaceful liberation of Tibet and launched armed forces rebellion. On March 20, the People's Liberation Army troops stationed in Tibet were ordered to conduct counterinsurgency operations. On the 22nd, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued an instruction to implement democratic reforms in quelling the rebellion. On the 28th, the State Council issued an order to dissolve the local government of Tibet, and the preparatory committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region to exercise the powers of the local government. At the end of 1960, the democratic reform in Tibet was basically completed, completely destroying the feudal serf system in which the state and religion were integrated, and millions of serfs were liberated.

(2) On April 5, the Rongguo regiment won the men's singles championship at the 25th World Table Tennis Championships. This is the first world championship that a Chinese athlete has won in the world championships of sports competitions.

(3) At the end of August, the Great Hall of the People was completed. It is also known as the "Top Ten Buildings" in the capital together with the Palace of National Culture, National Hotel, Overseas Chinese Building, Beijing Railway Station, Beijing Workers' Stadium Museum of Chinese Revolutionary History, Military Museum of Chinese People's Revolution, Diaoyutai State Guest House and National Agricultural Exhibition Hall, which were built in the same year.



1960



(1) In April, the first large-scale hydropower station designed and built by China, the first unit of Xin'anjiang Hydropower Station, started generating electricity.

(2) On May 25, members of the Chinese mountaineering team, Wang Fuzhou, Kampot (Tibetan), and Qu Yinhua, collectively climbed the world's highest peak Mount Everest from the north slope. For the first time, mankind has overcome the natural danger on the north slope of Mount Everest.



1963



On April 6, the Chinese medical team to aid Algeria left Beijing. This is the first medical team sent by the Chinese government to an African country.



1964



On October 16th, my country's first atomic bomb was successfully detonated. The Chinese government issued a statement: at any time and under any circumstances, it will not be the first to use Nuclear weapons China has nuclear weapons purely for defense.



1965



On September 17, my country synthesized bovine insulin for the first time in the world.



1966


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(1) On January 1, the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway (Lanzhou to Urumqi) was delivered and officially put into operation, with a total length of 1,903 kilometers.

(2) On October 27, my country's first surface-to-surface missile equipped with a nuclear warhead successfully flew and exploded.



1967



(1) On June 17, my country's first hydrogen bomb air-explosion test was successful.

(2) On September 5, the Chinese government, the governments of Tanzania and Zambia signed an agreement on the construction of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway in Beijing. In July 1976, the Tanzania-Zambia Railway was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 1,860 kilometers.



1968



On December 29, the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge was fully completed and opened to traffic. The railway bridge is 6772 meters long and the highway bridge is 4588 meters long. It was the largest dual-use railway and highway bridge designed and built by my country at that time.



1969


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(1) On October 7, my country's first set of fully automatic long-distance telephone equipment was born.

(2) In October, my country's first subway line (Beijing Railway Station to Apple Garden in Shijingshan District) was completed, with a total length of 23.6 kilometers.



1970



(1) On April 24, my country's first artificial earth satellite was successfully launched.

(2) On July 1, the Chengdu-Kunming Railway (Chengdu to Kunming) was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 1091 kilometers.

(3) On December 25, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the construction of the Yangtze River Gezhouba Water Control Project. In January 1989, the project was completed.



1971



On October 25th, the 26th United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority of votes, restoring all the rights of the People's Republic of China in the United Nations legal rights, and immediately expel the representatives of Chiang Kai-shek's clique from the United Nations and all its affiliated institutions.



1972



(1) From February 21 to 28, US President Nixon visited China. On the 28th, China and the United States issued a "Joint Communique" in Shanghai, marking the beginning of the normalization process of bilateral relations.

(2) From September 25th to 29th, Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka was invited to visit China to negotiate and resolve the issue of normalizing diplomatic relations between China and Japan. On the 29th, the Chinese and Japanese governments issued a "Joint Statement", announcing the establishment of diplomatic relations with immediate effect.



1973



(1) On August 26, my country's first integrated circuit electronic computer with 1 million operations per second was successfully trial-produced.

(2) This year, Yuan Longping, a member of the my country-type Hybrid Rice Research Collaborative Group, successfully cultivated indica-type hybrid rice with strong advantages for the first time in the world.



1974



(1) From April 6 to 19, Deng Xiaoping led the Chinese delegation to attend the sixth special session of the United Nations General Assembly. On the 10th, Deng Xiaoping delivered a speech at the UN General Assembly, expounding my country's foreign policy in a comprehensive manner.

(2) On August 1, the Central Military Commission issued an order to name the first nuclear submarine designed and manufactured by my country as "Long March No. 1" and officially incorporated into naval combat sequence. The People's Navy has since entered a new stage of possessing nuclear submarines.



1975



(1) On February 4, the Liujiaxia Hydropower Station, the largest hydropower station in my country at that time, was completed to generate electricity.

(2) On July 1, my country's first electrified railway, Baocheng Railway (Baoji to Chengdu), was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 676 kilometers.

(3) On November 26, my country successfully launched a returnable remote sensing artificial earth satellite, becoming the third country to master satellite recovery technology after the United States and the Soviet Union.



1976



(1) From March 30 to May 22, the 10,000-ton ocean-going scientific survey ships "Xiangyanghong 5" and Xiangyanghong 11 "China's first ocean-going scientific survey was successfully carried out in the Pacific Ocean.

(2) July 6, Yunnan-Tibet Highway (Xiaguan, Yunnan to Mangkang, Tibet) It was completed and opened to traffic, with a total length of 716 kilometers.



1977



On October 12, the State Council approved and forwarded the Ministry of Education's "Regulations on the 1977 College Enrollment Work" Opinions", it is decided that from this year, colleges and universities will adopt voluntary registration, unified examination, and merit-based admission methods to restore the college entrance examination system that was abandoned in the "Cultural Revolution". From November 28 to December 25, about 5.7 million nationwide Young people participated in the college entrance examination, and 273,000 people were admitted.



1978



(1) From March 18th to 31st, the National Science Conference was held. Deng Xiaoping gave the opening speech It emphasized that science and technology are productive forces, and pointed out that the mental workers who serve socialism are part of the working people. The conference formulated the "1978-1985 National Science and Technology Development Plan Outline (Draft)".

(2) On August 12, the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship was signed in Beijing, and it will take effect on October 23.

(3) 12 On January 16, the Sino-US Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations was published, deciding to establish diplomatic relations between the two countries from January 1, 1979. On the same day, the United States announced to sever diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

On December 28, the State Council decided to restore and add 169 general institutions of higher learning across the country to further develop higher education to gradually meet the needs of the four modernizations.



1979



(1) On January 1, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress issued a "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan", proposing the policy of respecting the status quo of Taiwan and realizing peaceful reunification, and suggesting that both sides of the strait should realize trade and postal services , Navigation. On the same day, Defense Minister Xu Xiangqian made a statementMing announced that the shelling of Dajinmen, Xiaojinmen, Dadan, Erdan and other islands will be stopped from now on. At this point, the shelling of the above-mentioned areas that began in 1958 ended.

(2) From January 29 to February 5, Deng Xiaoping visited the United States. This is the first visit to the United States by a Chinese leader since the founding of the People's Republic of China.



1981



(1) On September 20, my country successfully launched a group of space physics test satellites. This is the first time that my country has launched three satellites with one carrier rocket.

(2) From November 7th to 16th, the Chinese women's volleyball team won seven games and seven victories in the third World Cup women's volleyball team in Osaka, Japan, and won the world championship for the first time. .

(3) On December 3, my country's first large-scale modern enterprise producing color picture tubes, Shaanxi Picture Tube Plant, was officially put into operation.



1982



On August 17, the governments of China and the United States issued the "People's Republic of China" on the step-by-step until the final resolution of the issue of US arms sales to Taiwan. and the Joint Communiqué of the United States of America. This is the third important communiqué on Sino-US relations issued by the Chinese and US governments after the 1972 Shanghai Communiqué and the 1979 Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations.



1983



(1) On January 2, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the document "Several Issues in Current Rural Economic Policies", affirming that the joint production contract system is in the The great creation of our peasants under the leadership of the party.

(2) On April 5, the headquarters of the Chinese People's Armed Police Force was established.



1984


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(1) From January 22 to February 17, Deng Xiaoping inspected the three special economic zones of Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Xiamen and Shanghai, Fully affirmed the decision of piloting special economic zones and opening to the outside world.

(2) From July 28 to August 12, the Chinese sports delegation won 15 gold medals at the 23rd Olympic Games held in Los Angeles, USA China's breakthrough in the Olympic gold medal standings.

(3) On September 26, the Chinese and British governments initially signed a joint statement on the Hong Kong issue in Beijing, confirming that the Chinese government resumed its exercise of Hong Kong on July 1, 1997. sovereignty. On December 19, the joint statement was officially signed in Beijing.

(4) On October 1, the capital held a military parade and mass parade to celebrate the 35th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. Deng Xiaoping inspects the troops under review.



1985



(1) On February 15, China's first Antarctic research station, the Great Wall Station, was completed on George Island, Antarctica.

(2) In May, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council approved the implementation of the "Spark Plan" aimed at promoting rural economic development through science and technology.



1986



(1) On January 8, my country's second largest automobile industry base, the No. 2 Automobile Manufacturing Plant, was completed and put into operation in Shiyan City, Hubei Province.

(2) On July 8, my country's domestic satellite communication network was officially established.



1987



On March 26, the Chinese and Portuguese governments initially signed a joint statement on the Macao issue in Beijing, confirming that the Chinese government issued a statement on December 20, 1999. Resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau. On April 13, the joint statement was officially signed.



1988



(1) On September 5, Deng Xiaoping put forward the important conclusion that "science and technology are the primary productive forces" when meeting with foreign guests.

(2) From September 14th to 27th, my country's self-developed missile nuclear submarine conducted an underwater launch vehicle test in the East China Sea and achieved success.

(3) On October 16, my country's first high-energy accelerator, the Beijing Electron Positron Collider, successfully collided for the first time.



1990



(1) From March 20 to April 4, the third session of the Seventh National People's Congress was held, and the "Decision on the Establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was passed" "The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China", etc.; decided to accept Deng Xiaoping's request to resign as chairman of the Central Military Commission and elect Jiang Zemin as chairman of the Central Military Commission.

(2) On November 26, the Shanghai Stock Exchange was officially established. This is the first stock exchange opened in mainland China since the reform and opening up. On July 3, 1991, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange officially opened.



1991


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(1) On December 15, Qinshan Nuclear Power Station was connected to the grid to generate electricity. This is my country's first self-designed 300,000-kilowatt nuclear power plant.

(2) On December 16, the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits was established. Wang Daohan is the chairman and Rong Yiren is the honorary chairman. In 1992, the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits and the Taiwan Straits Exchange Foundation reached a consensus on expressing adherence to the one-China principle during cross-strait business negotiations, which was later referred to as the "1992 Consensus".



1992



(1) From July 25th to August 9th, the Chinese sports delegation won the 25th Olympic Games in Barcelona, ​​Spain. With 16 gold medals, 22 silver medals and 16 bronze medals, the total number of gold medals and medals ranked fourth.

(2) On December 1, the new Eurasian Continental Bridge (the railway line from Lianyungang, Jiangsu to Rotterdam, the Netherlands) was put into operation, with a total distance of 10,800 kilometers.



1994



On February 1, Unit 1 of Guangdong Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station was put into commercial operation. On December 17, 1996, two million-kilowatt nuclear power plants at Daya Bay Nuclear Power StationThe motor unit has passed the national acceptance.



1995



On November 16, the entire Beijing-Kowloon Railway was completed. It starts from Beijing in the north, ends at Shenzhen in the south, and connects with Kowloon, Hong Kong, with a total length of 2,536 kilometers.



1996



From July 19th to August 4th, the Chinese sports delegation won 16 With 12 gold medals, 22 silver medals and 12 bronze medals, the number of gold medals and the total number of medals are ranked fourth.



1997



From midnight on June 30 to early morning on July 1, the handover ceremony of the Chinese and British governments in Hong Kong was held in Hong Kong, announcing that the Chinese government would Hong Kong resumed the exercise of sovereignty, and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China was established.



1999



(1) On November 20, my country's first manned spaceflight test spacecraft, Shenzhou, was successfully launched.

(2) From midnight on December 19 to early morning on December 20, the Chinese and Portuguese governments held a ceremony for the handover of the Macau regime, announcing that the Chinese government resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Macau, the People's Republic of China The Macau Special Administrative Region was established.



2000



(1) From September 15th to October 1st, the Chinese sports delegation at the 20th Olympic Games held in Sydney, Australia Won 28 gold medals, 16 silver medals and 15 bronze medals, ranking third in the gold medal list and medal list.

(2) On November 8, the expansion projects of Hongjiadu Hydropower Station and Yinzidu Hydropower Station in Guizhou Province and Wujiangdu Hydropower Station started construction at the same time. The delivery project is fully started.

(3) On December 18, the Beijing-Shanghai Expressway (Beijing to Shanghai) was fully connected, with a total length of 1,262 kilometers.



2001



(1) On February 19, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council held the National Science and Technology Award Conference, and awarded Wu Wenjun and Yuan Longping the 2000 National Highest Science and Technology Award . According to the decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, the highest national science and technology award has been established since 2000.

(2) On June 15, the meeting of the heads of the SCO member states was held in Shanghai. The six heads of state of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan jointly signed the Declaration on the Establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

(3) On November 10, the Fourth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization held in Doha, the capital of Qatar, adopted the decision of China to join the World Trade Organization on December 11, China's official membership of the WTO marks a new stage in China's opening to the outside world.



2002



(1) From April 12 to 13, the first annual meeting of the Boao Forum for Asia was held in Hainan Province.

(2) On December 27, the commencement ceremony of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing and the construction sites in Jiangsu and Shandong provinces simultaneously.



2003


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From October 15th to 16th, the Shenzhou-5 manned spacecraft successfully lifted off and landed safely. China has become the third country in the world to independently master manned spaceflight technology.



2004



(1) From August 13th to 29th, the Chinese sports delegation won 32 medals at the 28th Olympic Games held in Athens, Greece Gold medals, 17 silver medals, 14 bronze medals, the number of gold medals ranked second, the total number of medals ranked third.

(2) On December 30, the West-East Gas Pipeline (Xinjiang Lunnan to Shanghai) was completed and officially put into operation. The total length of the project is about 4,000 kilometers, and the designed annual gas transmission capacity is 12 billion cubic meters.



2005



(1) On January 18, the Chinese Antarctic Inland Ice Sheet Kunlun Scientific Expedition Team confirmed that they had found the highest point of the Antarctic Inland Ice Sheet. It is the first time that humans have climbed the highest point of the Antarctic inland ice sheet.

(2) From October 12th to 17th, the Shenzhou-6 manned spacecraft carrying two astronauts was successfully launched and landed smoothly.



2006



(1) On May 20, the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River was completed, with a total length of 2,309 meters.

(2) On July 1, the entire Qinghai-Tibet Railway was completed and opened to traffic. The Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the plateau railway with the highest altitude and the longest line in the world, with a total length of 1956 kilometers.





2007


(1) On April 14, my country successfully launched the first Beidou-2 navigation satellite. Officially began to independently build my country's second-generation satellite navigation system. On November 5, 2007, the first and second networking satellites of Beidou-3 were successfully launched in a "one arrow, two satellites" manner, marking the beginning of the global networking of the Beidou satellite navigation system. This is a global satellite navigation system alongside the US Global Positioning System (GPS), the Russian GLONASS system, and the European Galileo system.

(2) On August 1, my country's first high-speed railway with completely independent intellectual property rights and world-class level of Beijing-Tianjin intercity railway was opened to traffic until the end of 2017. The operating mileage of my country's high-speed railways has reached 25,000 kilometers.

(3) On September 27, the Shenzhou 7 manned spacecraft carried out astronaut space exit activities. my country has become the third country in the world to independently master space evacuation technology.

(4) On December 26, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy fleet went to the Gulf of Aden and the waters off Somalia to perform escort missions. This is the first time that the Chinese navy has organized maritime combat forces to go overseas to fulfill international humanitarian obligations, and it is the first time to protect the safety of important transportation lines in the open sea.



2008



From August 8 to 24 and September 6 to 17, the 29th Olympic Games and the 13th Paralympic Games were successfully held in Beijing. This is the first time that my country has hosted the Olympic and Paralympic Games.



2010



(1) On April 30, the opening ceremony of "2010 Shanghai World Expo" was held. This is the first comprehensive World Expo held in China.

(2) In 2010, my country's GDP reached 40 trillion yuan, making it the second largest economy in the world.



2012



(1) On June 18th and 24th, the Shenzhou-9 manned spacecraft and the Tiangong-1 target vehicle successfully conducted automatic rendezvous successively Docking and astronaut manual rendezvous and docking.

(2) On June 27, the maximum diving depth of the Hailong manned submersible reached 7062 meters. my country's submarine manned scientific research and resource exploration capabilities have reached the international leading level.

(3) On July 24, the founding meeting and unveiling ceremony of Sansha City, Hainan Province was held. Sansha City has jurisdiction over the islands and reefs of the Xisha Islands, Zhongsha Islands, and Nansha Islands and their waters, and the Sansha Municipal People's Government is stationed on Yongxing Island in Xisha.

(4) On September 25, China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, was officially delivered to the Navy. Hu Jintao attended the handover ceremony and boarded the ship for inspection.



2013


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(1) On January 26, the first test flight of my country's self-developed Y-20 large transport aircraft was a complete success. On July 6, 2016, the Y-20 large transport aircraft was officially installed in the Air Force Air Force.

(2) On September 7 and October 3, Xi Jinping delivered speeches at Nazarbayev University in Kazakhstan and the Indonesian Congress respectively, and successively proposed the joint construction of "Silk Silk Road". Road Economic Belt" and "21st Century Maritime Silk Road", namely the "One Belt One Road" initiative.

(3) On October 31, the Medog Highway in Tibet was completed and opened to traffic. So far, our country has truly achieved county-by-county highway access.

(4) On December 14, Chang'e-3 landed on a pre-selected area on the lunar surface. On the 15th, the Chang'e-3 lander and the rover "Yutu" lunar rover took a selfie image. The strategic goal of the second step of my country's lunar exploration project has been successfully completed, and China has become the third country in the world to achieve a soft landing and patrol exploration of the moon.

(5) In 2013, China became the world's largest trader of goods. China's total import and export of goods was 4.16 trillion US dollars, of which the export value was 2.21 trillion US dollars and the import value was 1.95%. trillions of dollars.



2014



(1) On July 15, the sixth meeting of BRICS leaders held in Brazil announced the establishment of the BRICS New Development Bank It will be headquartered in Shanghai, China, and establish a BRICS emergency reserve arrangement.

(2) From November 19th to 21st, the first World Internet Conference was held in Wuzhen, Zhejiang. The meeting confirmed Wuzhen as the permanent venue of the World Internet Conference.



2015



(1) On March 29, the Chinese naval escort taskforce Linyi, which was carrying out an escort mission in the Somali waters of the Gulf of Aden, carried the first batch of 122 Chinese citizens and evacuated safely from the Yemen port of Aden. As of April 7, a total of 613 Chinese citizens have been evacuated from Yemen, and 279 foreign citizens from 15 countries have been assisted in the safe evacuation.

(2) On May 8, the State Council issued "Made in China 2025", proposing to achieve the strategic goal of a manufacturing power through "three steps".

(3) On December 20, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank was officially established. There are 57 intending founding member states.

(4) On December 31, Xi Jinping presented the military flag and delivered a speech to the Army, Rocket Force, and Strategic Support Forces of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. Since then, Xi Jinping has successively awarded military flags and issued training orders to the Eastern Theater, Southern Theater, Western Theater, Northern Theater, and Central Theater. Awarded military flags and delivered speeches to the Academy of Military Sciences, National Defense University, National Defense University of Science and Technology, etc.



2016



(1) March 24. The meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China heard about the Beijing sub-center and the release of Beijing's non-capital functions The report on the relevant situation confirmed the planning and selection of the new district to relieve Beijing’s non-capital functions and agreed to name it “Xiongan New District”. On May 27, Xi Jinping pointed out at the meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China that the construction of Beijing’s urban sub-center and Xiong The two new towns in Anxin District are a millennium plan and a national event. On March 28, 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued a notice deciding to establish Hebei Xiongan New Area.

(2) On April 22, China signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

(3) June 20. The first "Sunway Taihu Light" independently developed by my country and built entirely with domestic processors won the world supercomputing champion. At the end of 2017, China ranked the world's fastest supercomputer for 10 consecutive times.

(4) On August 16, my country successfully launched the world's first quantum science experimental satellite "Mozi".

(5) On September 3, Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit held in Hangzhou, Zhejiang and delivered a keynote speech.

(6) September 25. The world's largest single-aperture giant radio telescope with my country's independent intellectual property rights -- the 500-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) in Tang, Guizhou Completion start.

(7) On November 1, China's self-developed new-generation stealth fighter, the J-20, made its first public appearance at the China Zhuhai International Air Show. On February 9, 2018, the J-20 began to be installed in the air force combat unit.



2017



(1) On April 26, my country's first self-designed and built aircraft carrier was launched from the dock.

(2) On May 3, the world's first single-photon quantum computer was born in China.

(3) On May 5, the first C919 large passenger aircraft independently developed by my country made its maiden flight.

(4) From May 14th to 15th, the first Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing. Xi Jinping attended the opening ceremony and delivered a keynote speech.

(5) On June 25, China's standard EMU was named "Fuxing" and put into operation on the 26th. China's high-speed EMU technology has achieved full autonomy.

(6) From September 3rd to 5th, the ninth BRICS leaders' meeting was held in Xiamen, Fujian. Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered a speech, emphasizing that it is necessary to actively promote the reform of global economic governance, improve the representation and voice of emerging market countries and developing countries, and provide new impetus for solving the imbalance of development between the North and the South and promoting world economic growth.



2018



(1) On October 23, the opening ceremony of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge was held in Zhuhai City, Guangdong Province. Xi Jinping attended the ceremony. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge has a total length of 55 kilometers. It is a super-large sea-crossing passage connecting Hong Kong, Zhuhai and Macau, and it is also the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world.

(2) In 2018, my country's gross domestic product (GDP) was 90,030.9 billion yuan, and the total economic volume reached a historical new level of 90 trillion yuan for the first time. , ranking second in the world.



2019



(1) On January 2, the 40th anniversary of the publication of "Message to Compatriots in Taiwan" was grandly held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Xi Jinping attended the commemorative meeting and delivered an important speech.

(2) At 10:26 on January 3, the Chang'e-4 probe successfully landed on the pre-selected landing area on the far side of the moon near 177.6 degrees east longitude and 45.5 degrees south latitude. And through the "Magpie Bridge" relay star, the world's first close-up image of the moon's back was sent back, revealing the mystery of the ancient moon's back.

(3) On February 18, the "Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Development Planning Outline" was officially released. A comprehensive plan has been made in terms of strategic positioning, development goals, and spatial layout, and a dynamic and internationally competitive first-class bay area and world-class urban agglomeration will gradually become a reality.

(4) On April 23, a military parade celebrated the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Navy.

(5) From April 25 to 27, the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was held in Beijing (6) From April 29 to October 7 , Beijing International Horticultural Exposition was held.

(7) May 4, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the May Fourth Movement.

(8) October 1, the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

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