On the eternal charm of two guqin songs "Feng Qiuhuang"
Author: Jiang Xiaomeng
Source: "Music Exploration" 2017 Issue 02
Abstract: In the love story of Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun, " Picking it with the heart of the qin" not only includes Sima Xiangru's qin skills, but also
he sang two qin songs titled "Feng Qiuhuang". He expressed his voice in the way of "Feng Qiuhuang", which had an important impact in the present and future generations. Many young people were influenced by "Phoenix Qiuhuang", broke through the shackles of feudal ethics, and bravely pursued free life.
Live and beautiful love. This is the eternal charm of "Feng Qiuhuang" and the power of vocal music.
Key words: Guqin song "Phoenix Seeking Phoenix"; Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun; anti-feudal thought.
The story of Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun, a poet of Shujun in the Western Han Dynasty, who fell in love with each other, more than 2,000 It has been widely circulated over the years, with sincere feelings
sincere, extraordinary interest, and aspirational. Regarding the origin of the story, it is well known that Sima Xiangru "Qin Pick" Zhuo Wenjun, in fact, not only "Qin Pick", but also two love Guqin songs "Feng Qiuhuang" moved Zhuo Wenjun. That's the power of vocal music.
1. Allusions to "Qin Picking"
The love story between Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun is clearly recorded in "Historical Records" and "Han Shu", "History
Records · Sima Xiangru Biography Fifty-seventh contains:
Sima Xiangru, a native of Chengdu, Shu County,... King Xiao of Liang died. Su and Linqiong Ling Wang
Ji Xiangshan is good, ... Linqiong has many rich people, and Zhuo Wang Sun Jiatong has 800 people, Cheng Zheng also has hundreds of people, the two said to each other on the day: "Ling You Gui
> Guest, to be summoned." And summoned. As soon as the order arrives, Zhuo's guests number in the hundreds. In the middle of the day, I visited Sima Changqing, and Changqing was unable to go because of his illness. Xiang Ru has no choice but to go to the frontier, and sit down and lean forward. The wine was in full swing, and Linqiong ordered the prelude to the piano day: "Steal
Wen Changqing likes it, I would like to entertain myself." Xiangru thanked him again and again for the drum. At that time, the king of Zhuo had a daughter Wenjun, a new widow, and she had a good voice, so Xiangru
Miao and Ling were important, and she picked her with the heart of the qin. Xiangru is in Linqiong, riding from a chariot, graceful and leisurely; and drinking Zhuo's, playing the qin, and Wenjun stealing
From the household. Happy and good. ……
It can be seen that Sima Xiangru went to Zhuo's house because his reputation was already great. Zhuo Wangsun, the father of Zhuo Wenjun, wanted to use Sima Xiangru's reputation to improve his social status, so he put him with him. The county magistrate, Wang Jiqiang, invited him to his house as a guest. After that, Sima Xiangru played the piano on the surface, but he was actually teasing Zhuo Wenjun with his "qin heart". Zhuo Wenjun, who was eavesdropping and peeking, turned out to be "happy with his heart", and because the two loved each other
Zhuo Wangsun must object, so there is a story of Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun eloping to Chengdu.
Sima Xiangru is not only good at writing fu, but also has a great literary reputation. He is also good at drumming. The qin he uses is called "Lvqi". The name "Lvqi" has been passed down to this day, and it has even become another name for guqin in literary works.
This shows that the qin is a good qin, and Sima Xiangru, who plays this qin, is also very skilled.
"Historical Records" and "Han Books" both only say that Sima Xiangru "picked Zhuo Wenjun with his qin heart", even though Sima Xiangru's qin skills are very good
, but only by "qin heart" not enough. In fact, in addition to Sima Xiangru's piano skills, there are also two songs called "Feng Qiuhuang" that can touch Zhuo Wenjun's heart.
2. Interpretation of "Feng Qiuhuang"
Seen in the recorded lyrics of the two "Feng Qiuhuang" qin songs sung by Sima Xiangru as follows:
One of them
There is a beautiful woman, I will never forget it.
I don't see you for a day, I think like crazy.
The phoenix is flying soaring, seeking the phoenix from all over the world.
Helpless beauty, not on the east wall.
Let the qin replace the language, chat and write heartily.
When will I see Xu Xi, comfort me.
I wish to be worthy of virtue, and join hands with each other.
Don't fly, make me perish.
Feng Xi Feng Xi returned to her hometown and traveled all over the world to seek her phoenix.
When I didn't meet Xi, I had nothing to do, so why is Xi Xi ascended to the hall!
There is a beautiful lady in the boudoir, and the people in the room are poisoning my intestines.
He Yuan crossed his neck as a mandarin duck, and Hu Jie soared together!
Huang Xi Huang Xi lives with me, and I have to entrust Yu Wei to be the concubine forever.
Friendship and heart harmony, who will know the phase in the middle of the night?
Flying high with both wings raised, my thoughts make me sad.
There was no scientific way of notation in ancient times, so in the "Feng Qiuhuang" that has been handed down to the present, only these two lyrics can be found, namely in
The historical records recorded that Sima Xiangru deliberately "picked" Zhuo Wen when he played the piano Your singing. Due to the interpretation of the love story of Sima Xiangru and Zhuo Wenjun
, "Feng Qiuhuang" has also become a Han Guqin song in the Han Dynasty.
The so-called Guqin song is a self-playing and self-singing art song accompanied by the Guqin. Sima Xiangru was a great writer at the time, and it was customary for him to pursue Zhuo Wenjun in the way of Guqin songs.
"Historical Records" and "Han Shu" did not record the lyrics of "Feng Qiuhuang", until Xu Ling compiled "Yutai Xin Yong" in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, and
these two "Feng Qiuhuang" were included in it. Therefore, some people have always suspected in history that these two "Feng Qiuhuang" were not written by Sima Xiangru
, but were works by two Han qin workers under the name of Sima Xiangru. In fact, there must be cases of false pretense in works like Qin Ge;
However, one is that it is difficult to prove that it is a false pretence, and the other is that the absence of records in "Historical Records" and "Han Shu" does not explain the problem.
"The Biography of Sima Xiangru" in the "Historical Records" and "Han Shu" is already the larger of the two books, and the "Han Shu" has to be divided into the first
The second volume, the Sima Xiangru is not listed If all the deeds are recorded, it is very possible and normal. Judging from the fact that "Feng Qiu
Phoenix" was included in "Yutai Xin Yong", it not only recorded the lyrics, but also added a preface to explain that this was a very cautious approach, indicating that Xu Ling was not blindly
included. It is precisely because of Xu Ling's careful handling that later books such as Tang's "Art and Literature Collection" and Song "Yuefu Poetry Collection" generously included "Feng Qiuhuang" in it. It can be seen that "Feng Qiuhuang" should be credible for Sima Xiangru.
The core content of "Phoenix Seeking Phoenix" is that Sima Xiangru, who calls himself "Phoenix", expresses his infinite admiration and determination to Zhuo Wenjun, who he thinks in his heart
Singing this song, "Feng Qiuhuang" has multiple meanings in a specific context.
As we all know, in the legend, the phoenix is a divine bird, "Phoenix" is male and "Huang" is female. In ancient times, there were lin, phoenix, tortoise, and dragon known as the "Four
spirits" between heaven and earth, and the king of birds was the phoenix. The Book of Rites of Dadai contains: "There are three hundred and sixty insects with feathers, and the phoenix
is the longest." At that time, Sima Xiangru was already well-known in the literary world. Luoyang paper is expensive; Zhuo Wen
Jun has talent and looks, and has a high cultural accomplishment, which is not comparable to ordinary women. Sima Xiangru used the word "phoenix" to describe the two of them, and there is no one who
compared with Ling Yun's arrogance.
"Phoenix" in "Feng Qiuhuang" also describes the harmony and beauty of husband and wife. In the vocabulary of the ancients, "the phoenix and the phoenix" and "the phoenix flying in
" all describe a happy couple. "Zuo Zhuan" has a cloud: "At the beginning, Yi Shi's wife Jing Zhong. His wife took it, and the day: 'Ji', it is said that "the phoenix
Yu Fei, and the sound is sonorous. "Phoenix seeks the phoenix" to describe Sima Xiangru's expression of love to Zhuo Wenjun, which indeed has the meaning of "a rare couple".
"Phoenix" is also related to music. "Shangshu" has "Xiao Shao ninety percent, Phoenix comes The sentence "Yi" means that the song of Xiao and Shao is played continuously, and even the phoenix dances to the music. The ancient book "Biography of Immortals" once recorded that Nongyu was the daughter of Duke Mu of Qin, and she and her husband Xiao Shi
br> They are all good at blowing the flute. Whenever they play the flute, the sound of the flute always attracts the phoenix to listen. Qin Mu is generally regarded as a good omen, so he built a phoenix platform specially to attract the phoenix. The phoenix Although they came, Nongyu and his wife also took the phoenix away. The Tang Dynasty poet Li He quoted this allusion in "Li Pingkong
Hou Yin" and wrote "Kunshan Jade Broken Phoenix Calls","Phoenix" describes the charm of music.
Zhuo Wenjun is elegant and good at music, so Sima Xiangru used the sound of the qin and singing to "pick it", and Zhuo Wenjun certainly understood
when he sought knowledge with the heart of the qin. As we all know, in all social activities, music is the most direct form of emotional activity. Ji Kang of the Jin Dynasty has long put forward:
"The husband's heart is in the heart, and the sound is out of the heart." The so-called "sound out of the heart" means that singing is the cry from the soul, and is the most personal emotion