How to correctly understand cervical disease? In recent years, cervical disease has become the focus of women's attention. Nowadays, more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of taking precautions for regular gynecological examinations. However, data shows that most women still have misunderstandings about cervical lesions that are known as "famous killers." Female reproductive organs are divided into external genitalia and internal genitalia. There is an ovary on each side of the uterus and the cervix underneath. Therefore, the diseases of the cervix are divided into two types: one is malignant disease and the other is benign disease. Benign diseases are mainly inflammations, such as acute cervicitis and chronic cervicitis. , Cervical polyps, cervical hypertrophy; malignant diseases are mainly cervical cancer, precancerous lesions of the cervix, that is, the usually said early lesions of the cervix, there are mild, moderate, and severe. Malignant transformation of the cervix is one of the most common cancers in women. According to the survey, the age of onset of cervical malignant transformation is the most common from 40 to 50 years old, and it is relatively rare before the age of 20. However, in recent years, with the changes in women's living habits, the age of onset of cervical lesions has a tendency to advance. Among them, the long-term continuous infection of human papillomavirus is closely related to the younger generation of the affected population. Therefore, women should pay attention to their physical changes early.
Why do cervical diseases prefer married women? According to a survey conducted by the World Health Organization in my country, 48.5% of white-collar women suffer from 3 or more gynecological diseases, including cervical diseases. The data is shocking. Why do cervical diseases fall in love with mature women after marriage? First of all, the mental pressure of modern people is generally very high, and the work, interpersonal relationships, and family conditions faced by women after marriage are also full of unknown variables. As a result, some women have endocrine disorders caused by mental factors, poor sleep, bad temper, etc. This causes women to suffer from gynecological diseases; secondly, some office women sit in front of the computer and work hard from morning to night, sitting for a long time, women’s pelvic cavity is prone to congestion, resulting in poor blood circulation in the cervix. Well, this makes it easier to get infections, leading to various cervical diseases. In addition, the weather in autumn is cloudy and sunny, the rain increases, and the temperature difference between morning and evening is large. Cervicitis, cervical erosion and other cervical diseases are high in this season. Moreover, modern Women’s pace of life is accelerating, their work is turbulent, and they are paralyzed by potential health hazards. As a result, they delay the best treatment opportunity, and minor illnesses become serious illnesses, and even life-threatening. For this reason, women are reminded that the most effective method for early detection of cervical disease is to adhere to routine cervical disease screening and regular gynecological examinations. What are the common cervical diseases? 1. Cervicitis is a common disease of women of childbearing age, there are two types of acute and chronic. Clinically, chronic cervicitis is more common. The performance of the cervix is different due to the different irritation of inflammation. Mainly manifested as increased leucorrhea, thick fluid or purulent mucus, sometimes accompanied by bloodshot eyes or with bloodshot eyes. Occurs after the cervix is damaged due to childbirth, miscarriage or surgery. The pathogens are mainly Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Escherichia coli and anaerobic bacteria, followed by Gonorrhoeae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Among the protozoa are Trichomonas and Amoeba. Under special circumstances, it is caused by chemical substances and radiation. (1) Abnormal cervical columnar epithelium. In 2008, undergraduate textbooks cancelled the name "cervical erosion" and replaced it with the physiological phenomenon of "ectopic cervical columnar epithelium". Ectopic cervical columnar epithelium is a normal physiological phenomenon and has no special clinical manifestations. Some people may have the performance of contact bleeding, but it is only the individual difference of the cervix. If there is an increase in vaginal discharge, yellowing, and peculiar smell, it is the performance of cervical inflammation. Ectopic cervical columnar epithelium does not require any treatment. But for symptomatic cervicitis, treatment is needed. (2) Cervical polyps Cervical polyps are a manifestation of chronic cervicitis. There is a layer of mucosa on the surface of the cervical canal. Due to the long-term stimulation of chronic inflammation, the cervical canal mucosa continues to proliferate and accumulate, and it protrudes from the basal layer of the mucosa to the outer mouth of the cervix, thus forming polyps. Root of polypMost of the parts are attached to the cervical canal or the outer mouth of the cervix. They are generally small, with a diameter of less than 1 cm, single or multiple. There are also larger ones, up to a few centimeters in diameter, with a pedicle, which protrudes beyond the cervix as it grows. If the polyps are small, they remain in the cervical canal and only slightly appear in the cervix. If not treated, cervical polyps will gradually grow up and block the cervix. Or the polyp is just blocked at the cervix, which can narrow the cervix or deform the cervical canal, thereby preventing the normal sperm ascent and causing infertility. (3) Cervical hypertrophy Cervical hypertrophy is a kind of chronic cervicitis. Inflammatory changes caused by pathogen infection of the cervical mucosa. The pathogens caused are mycoplasma, chlamydia, bacteria, and viruses. Cervical secretions should be examined to confirm the diagnosis. If necessary, do cervical TCT examination, which can drain the early cancer of the cervix. Simple cervical hypertrophy will not affect pregnancy, but severe cervicitis can cause endometritis, tubal oophoritis, tubal adhesions and obstruction, leading to infertility. (4) Cervical cysts Cervical cysts are a kind of chronic cervicitis and are a common gynecological disease. They are caused by the blockage of the Nessler's gland ducts to form cysts. Often asymptomatic. 2. Cervical cancer Cervical cancer refers to a malignant tumor that occurs at the junction of squamous epithelial cells in the cervix vagina or transition zone and columnar epithelial cells in the inner lining of the neck tube. Its morbidity and mortality are the first among all kinds of malignant tumors suffered by women, and its prevalence age is 40-59 years old. Its incidence is related to high-risk HPV infection.